Voted Memphis' Best Alternative Smoke Shop SIX YEARS IN A ROW!
Voted Memphis' Best Alternative Smoke Shop SIX YEARS IN A ROW!
Cart 0

A Guide to CBD | Frequently Asked Questions*

CBD Basics

What Are the Differences in CBD Spectrums?

Pros, Cons and Applications 

Simply Put 

  

CBD Basics 

What is CBD?
Within the Cannabis plant, there is a classification of compounds known as cannabinoids. Among these are CBD and THC, along with over a hundred others which scientists have discovered naturally occurring within different Cannabis strains.

Why is this important?
In 1995, researchers discovered that, by interacting with receptors in the human Endocannabinoid System (ECS), cannabinoids like CBD could deliver unique health benefits to the body. Later, they discovered that each cannabinoid could affect the body differently.

For example, while THC delivers the psychoactive effects associated with “getting high,” CBD does not. In fact, CBD can actually counteract the psychoactive effects of THC. With various ranges of effects delivered by other cannabinoids like Cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabinol (CBN), the full collection of cannabinoids forms what is referred to as the “cannabinoid spectrum.”

Exploring the Cannabinoid Spectrum
The cannabinoid spectrum range contained within a product is what determines whether the product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate.

How does that work? 
To create a CBD product, the cannabinoid content is extracted from the Cannabis plant, using methods such as CO2 extraction. During this process, other compounds found within the plant are also extracted, including terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids.

Depending on the strain and classification used for extraction, the composition and cannabinoid profile will differ. For instance: Hemp, which is a classification of Cannabis Sativa, contains little to no THC, compared to the Cannabis Indica strain, Pennywise, which contains a 1:1 CBD to THC content ratio. Depending on the purpose of the end-product, companies will choose to extract from a strain of Cannabis that best suits their needs.

Once extracted, the company can then choose to refine the extract to contain only specific cannabinoids and plant pants.The contents of the refined extract are what determines if the CBD extract is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate.

 

What Are the Differences in CBD Spectrums?

CBD Isolate
In scientific terms, an isolate is the purest form of a compound, which is produced by singularly extracting that compound from its environment and isolating it from all other compounds. With that being said, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, which is produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavonoids, plant parts, and other cannabinoids. CBD Isolate is typically extracted from Hemp, due to its low to non-existent THC-content. 

Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD is an extract that contains all compounds found naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids.The full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils extracted from the plant work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This is commonly referred to as the “entourage effect“. It was previously believed that CBD in its isolated from was more effective than Full Spectrum CBD; however, in 2005, this theory was debunked by a study from the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology in Jerusalem. In the study, researchers found that test subjects administered with full spectrum CBD were provided with higher levels of relief, compared to subjects administered with CBD isolate. In addition, the results showed that full spectrum CBD provided enhanced effects with higher dosages, while the effects of CBD maintained consistent with increased dosages. 

Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD is a bit of a mix between Full Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate.

Like Full Spectrum CBD, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved in the extract; however, like CBD Isolate, THC is completely removed.

Because Broad Spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids, it can deliver the enhanced benefits of the “entourage effect,” without the risk of psychoactive effects of THC.

 

Pros, Cons and Applications

CBD Isolate
The purest form of CBD, in which all other plant compounds and cannabinoids have been completely removed.

Best For:
Individuals who were recommended to specifically take high doses of CBD

Individuals with sensitivity to THC or other cannabinoids

Individuals who regularly undergo drug screening tests

Individuals who prefer light flavors or no flavor

Individuals living in states that have strict THC laws

First-time users that may be hesitant about other cannabinoids

Full Spectrum CBD
CBD that has been extracted from the cannabis plant along with all the other compounds and cannabinoids.  Full Spectrum contains 0.3% THC or less and provides the full effect, better known as the "entourage effect". 

Best For:

Individuals who were recommended a certain THC to CBD ratio. 

Individuals with more severe conditions or conditions that CBD isolate and Broad Spectrum could not alleviate

Broad Spectrum CBD
CBD that has been extracted from the cannabis plant along with all other compounds and cannabinoids, except THC. 

Best For:

Individuals with conditions that CBD isolate alone could not alleviate

Individuals with sensitivity to THC

Individuals living in states that have strict THC laws

First-time users that are hesitant about THC

 

Simply Put

Both full and broad spectrum are generally considered to be more effective than isolate, which is strictly CBD with no other compounds or cannabinoids.

 

__________

CBD has been known known to interact with several medications. Before you start using CBD in any form, please discuss it with your doctor to ensure your safety and avoid potentially harmful interactions.
__________

*The majority of this text was taken from medium.com.  To view the entire article, please click here